Varicose veins: what you need to know all

Is it possible to resist the varicose veins and what to do if it began to appear, Sputnik found out from a specialist.

The venous pattern on the legs many of us perceive as a norm.

Varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins is a disease or a consequence of the loads? How dangerous is it? Let's consider it from the point of view of the physiology of the body.

More common in Europeans

Varicose disease known since the time of Egypt. She tried to treat Hippocrates and Avicenna.

Now this disease affects so much of the working population. And often are not physiological conditions.

The outflow of blood from the lower extremities occurs in the veins: deep, located deep in the muscles, subcutaneous and extending in the subcutaneous fat. Deep and superficial venous system of the legs are connected the connecting veins. A fundamental feature of the structure of the lower limb veins are valves that direct the flow of blood is severely to heart, letting the blood flow down. Valves in the connecting veins allow flow of blood from the saphenous veins in the deep and prevent its return. Venous valves in the legs are unevenly distributed. Most of them in the leg, less on the femur.

Interestingly, varicose veins often affects people with white skin color. The reason lies in the number of valves. The representatives of the Negroid and Mongoloid races number of valves several times more than Caucasians.

If the dam will spill

What causes the blood to flow through the veins up to the heart? First of all, the active contraction of the muscles of the foot, shank and thigh, as well as the contraction of the diaphragm and partly the heartbeat. At any movement-twitch muscles squeeze blood from the veins and push it toward the heart. It is believed that the calf muscles are the second heart of the body, because when you walk they play an important role.

The laws of motion of fluids in the body do not differ from the laws of fluid motion in nature.

If the path of the river appears the obstacle (dam), the less obstacles, the river starts to widen (to spread). The same thing is happening in the body. If the veins towards the heart where it is compressed, it is not pumped the excess volume of blood distending the lower parts of the veins, thereby disturbing the operation of the valves (they are not closed) and just blood flow in General. The veins start to expand.

Varicose veins (varicose veins) is considered an extension of the saphenous veins. If we talk about her legs when a person stands, the veins don't protrude above the skin level.

There are two approaches to solving the problem:

  • to treat the failure of the venous valves, solder or to remove the superficial veins;
  • eliminate the cause of the constriction or clamping of the vein towards the heart.
  • Varicose veins

Blood from the lower limbs ascends to the femoral vein, which are collected in the inferior Vena cava, which then enters into the right atrium.

This long journey there are a number of obstacles, where is Vienna (venous pole) can narrow, by increasing the pressure in the lower parts.

If problems arise in the colon (section of the cecum), by virtue of the anatomy of the veins first begin to swell on the left leg (the bell), so you need to carefully monitor bowel movements and to avoid constipation.

Normal stool a person should be daily, in the morning. It is important to adhere to proper eating behavior.

What you should know about varicose veins in women

Birth in women weakened pelvic floor muscles, which in turn can put pressure on the femoral vein.

The first bell of the weakness of the pelvic floor is the appearance of spider veins in the ankle bone area. Very effective any exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, for example, Kegel exercises.

Inflammation of the ovaries or adhesive disease are both cause and consequence of varicose veins. Venous blood is saturated with toxins and carbon dioxide, and stagnation is always an increase in the concentration of those toxins that lead to inflammation and tissue change, therefore, all the organs located in the pelvis, are at risk. Stagnation of venous blood in the pelvis including a cause of infertility, impotence and hemorrhoids.

Cause of blood stasis in the pelvis may be a sedentary lifestyle and sedentary work. Therefore, the motion during the day or banal charging during operation is a vital necessity.

Hormonal women acceptance of contraceptives leads to chronic venous insufficiency.

As to not be damaged?

State and anatomical position of the liver play a huge role in either the prevention (if healthy), or in the event of (if there are deviations) of varicose veins.

As a vein going from the lower limbs to the right atrium, passes into and under the liver, any liver enlargement or pivot about its axis can cause compression of the veins and increase the venous pressure in the lower divisions, thereby causing varicose veins.

Injuries in the lumbar

Grado-abdominal diaphragm sensitive to the psycho-emotional state of man. Any negative emotion (fear, anger, irritation) causes the release of hormones adrenaline and cortisol, which cause, in turn, muscle spasm, clamp the lumen of the venous pole.

Given that we are irritated during the day, not just once or twice, the health of the nervous system is of great importance in the treatment and prevention of varicose veins.

Injuries in the lumbar spine, weakness of the square lumbar muscles can form the incorrect function of the venous pump (pumping blood up through inhalation and exhalation). This will generate a stagnation pressure increase on the veins and as a consequence – the expansion of veins.

Wearing tight clothing and footwear also promotes the compression of superficial veins and obstruction of the movement of blood flow.

Very dangerous sitting posture with upturned foot to foot. If this position is not only clamped the vein in the knee hole, but disturbed the position of the pelvic organs.

Keep the process under control

Define and solve a problem will help tests – ultrasound, x-ray contrast agent, and others.

The condition of the blood directly affects varicose veins. Thick and sticky blood is always very difficult to push upwards, overcoming the gravitational force of the Earth. This leads to deterioration of the venous vessels, valves and the formation of blood clots. This is a very dangerous condition because the clot break away, hitting a lung or the heart, can lead to rapid death, and sometimes the doctors just do not have time to provide emergency assistance.

Uncontrolled long-standing varicose veins can lead to thrombophlebitis, because of the stagnant venous blood is rich in toxins and can cause inflammation of the inner surface (epithelial lining) of the vein.

It is important to keep varicose veins under control – once a vein is maximally extended, and to return it to its former condition would be impossible. Except that to remove. But you need to understand that the body is nothing extra blood volume is removed vein is redistributed to nearby, increasing the burden on them.

Deep vein thrombosis

If any symptoms consult doctor?

The first signs of trouble become swelling of the lower legs and feet, feeling of heaviness in the legs that appear at long stay in a sitting position or standing. These symptoms disappear or are significantly reduced when walking and after a night of rest.

If you ignore these symptoms, then eventually there will be unbearable pain in calves, burning sensation in the legs and night cramps in the calf muscles. Will occur and external changes. On the thighs and legs appear small blue-red vascular "stars", through the skin will begin to show through the veins with a diameter of 2 mm, and finally, the most characteristic manifestation of the disease – varicose veins.

Today, there are two methods of treatment of varicose veins: surgical and conservative.

In the conservative treatment of maximally eliminate the factors that led to the varicose veins. However, the situation is strongly influenced by genetic disposition – then, as they say, you can only fight with the consequences.

How to maintain the body?

You must comply with the water-drinking control. Water is taken in portions: often and in small portions. Excluded food, which can cause thirst, constipation and atherosclerosis. Completely eliminated sweets because the sugar leads to glycation of red blood cells and thrombosis, flour from flour as it leads to flatulence.

 Nordic walking with sticks

Must be a physical activity (swimming, Nordic walking) and a special daily exercises for the legs. But the active sport with lifting weights is not suitable.

The manifestation of varicose veins should wear compression underwear or impose elastic bandage. It is very important that the bandage when stretching does not change its shape, and the imposition of bandages starts always with the foot, grasping the heel.

The physician should take drugs venotonic.

Also today a very popular sclerotherapy and laser correction. Very effective pneumatic massage, if carried out in the courses.

Engaged in the prevention or treatment of varicose veins, pay attention to yourself and symptoms that may be bothering you for the first time. Remember that the vein is part of the body, they are the vessels of life in our amazing body. Be healthy!