From the lifestyle of the person depends on the state of health, but often we can't influence the development of diseases, some of them inherent in us genetically. Such diseases include varicose veins. It is called a disease of civilization.
Noticed that most people suffering from varicose veins in developed countries. The likelihood of it appearing higher in those who have relatives with this problem, but additional factors are:
- work in a static position (risk teachers, surgeons, barbers, salesmen);
- the lack of dynamic physical activity in the morning (if too lazy to exercise, then you are at risk);
- wrong choice of clothes and shoes (too tight, often wear high heel);
- bath, sauna, tan in the afternoon, when the sun is very active.
What happens to the veins with varicose veins?
Varicose veins is abnormal veins. May appear on the abdomen, in men, the scrotum, the pelvis and even on the tongue. Veins varicose can not cope with the blood flow. My legs are really swollen. Later formed varicose eczema and nonhealing sores. Even have to use antibiotics to kill the infection. But the worst — varicose veins in the later stages limits the capacity to work.
Symptoms of varicose veins in the legs
The harbingers that indicate the development of varicose veins:
- heaviness in the legs;
- aching pain;
- swelling of the feet;
- varicose veins;
- trophic changes;
- bruising that is not preceded by trauma.
In the early stages can be seen only in the vascular mesh. But later the symptoms become obvious. Veins are under the skin, have a wavy form and resemble clusters of grapes. If you have symptoms of varicose veins, immediately consult a doctor. You will be encouraged to do an ultrasound of the lower extremities, to check the status of the venous valves. This procedure takes about 30 minutes.
Methods of treatment of varicose veins
Conservative methods can only slow the spread of the varicose veins. The most commonly used preparations based on horse chestnut and bioflavonoids (nutrients, antioxidants). The treatment is usually long. Medicines are produced in the form of ointments, gels, drops, tablets and capsules. Duration of treatment determines the physician depending on how the disease started. Drugs may be several, if the stage is above the first or second, if there are trophic changes in the skin.
Compression therapy lies in the selection of compression stockings or tights that you want to wear in the morning and remove it just before bedtime. It lasts all year round. Compression unloads veins, thus the blood flows in the right direction, alleviates pain and swelling. Recommend to buy 2 pairs of tights or stockings. You will have to change them every day.
Sclerotherapy is a modern method of treatment of varicose veins with injections of a special substance which bonds the patient's vein. Over time, it dissolves and no longer involved in the bloodstream. Her work take on other veins. Method is completely safe, but may not be used in all cases. Typically this method treat reticular veins (telangiectasia). You can go for, and the clinic to go in during my lunch break.
Surgical treatment of varicose veins
Used in the defeat of the large veins in the later stages. Requires anesthesia — local or General. Operations are performed in a surgical Department, or specialized centers of phlebology.
Operation can be performed:
- using radio frequency is the latest technique that allows carefully and locally to operate on varicose veins, the result of this operation struck Vienna absorbed and its functions take on other veins;
- using steam micro impulse after local anesthesia in a thin catheter is inserted couples the diseased vein shrinks and disappears;
- using the method Varadi is the meaning of the operation in the extraction of the vein through the puncture, the intervention requires local anesthesia, the effect of which lasts for about 5 hours, you can walk an hour and a half after the surgery, discharge is on the same day;
- with the help of a laser beam — quick, bloodless, and safe way.
Popular treatments for varicose veins
Patients want to believe that there is a relatively harmless and simple treatment for veins. Yes, you can try to use traditional methods. They can be effective in the early stages, and only in combination with basic therapy. Treatment of folk ways should start after consultation with doctor and accurate diagnosis.
To improve blood circulation you can use the ointment. But it cannot be applied on open wounds. If the skin has ulcers, which only began to Mature, before treatment, you must wait for the opening. Do not be afraid of the smell of the ointment — just make compresses for the night, but not before leaving the house.
Another effective remedy is tincture of horse chestnut. For its preparation should be cleaned chestnuts and push them into 200 ml of vodka. This tool will make invisible spider veins, if you will use it regularly. For 2 months take tincture 30 drops after each main meal. Copes well with varicose veins (vascular mesh) homemade Apple vinegar. If you have problems with the stomach inside the tool to apply them not only in the form of compresses and lotions. Shop Apple cider vinegar for treatment of spider veins is not suitable — it has a lot of chemistry and virtually no nutrients to improve microcirculation.
Prevention of varicose veins
Is there a way, if the varicose veins just appeared, or if any members of your family?
Simple rules to prevent further development of varicose veins:
- loads must alternate, if you're sitting, take breaks for 5-10 minutes every 45 minutes, during which walk, do a small exercise;
- discard narrow clothes and uncomfortable shoes with heels more than 5 cm, wear similar clothing and shoes only for output;
- well prevents varicose veins swimming and cold shower, they tone blood vessels;
- during pregnancy it is recommended to wear a preventive compression hosiery and special support, which will also reduce pressure on the spine.
You should always be in the presence of soothing gels and ointments, particularly during the summer vacation, in the heat. Sunbathing with varicose veins can be from 8 to 11 am and from 17 to 20 hours in the evening.
Diet for varicose veins
If you have a weak from birth, the venous wall, the predisposition to varicose veins, the thrombosis will still be high. Women at greater risk. But it is possible to saturate the body with useful vessel components. First and foremost, you need to lean on those foods, which contain vitamin C and rutin:
- black currants;
Cook from these fruit and berry juices, jellies, prepare for the winter jam. Modern refrigerators allow you to freeze a large quantity of berries. Very tasty to drink fresh juice or make fruit salads. Note for products that have a positive effect on the liver. Spider veins can be indicative of problems with it.
Veins will thank you for your concern, especially if additionally, you will wash his feet in cold water, to swim a lot and do water aerobics. Now even in small cities there are fitness centers with a pool, so swimming can. Don't stop training in winter. All you need to do is take a Hairdryer and choose a pool near the house.
Sport in varicose disease
If you are overweight, consult a dietitian. The coach can additionally make you a training program that will be effective and varicose veins and for weight loss. You should avoid heavy lifting, if there are problems with the veins. So weightlifting isn't for you. If you have a small child, raise it properly: do not bend the back, first get down on your haunches. Use a stroller, do not wear your baby in your arms for too long.
Helps with varicose veins is to walk the stairs, run small pace, in the winter to go skiing. Tangible benefits can provide Nordic walking. This kind of exercise is good for people with any level of fitness. Find out where in your city are trained Nordic walking. People in Europe, in the absence of snow walking with two sticks in hand, not surprising. So they remove some of the load off the muscles and veins.
Another good way to normalize the function of veins is to perform inverted asanas in yoga. But you should start with the basic asanas. You will notice that not only are stronger and can walk long distances, but also your emotional state is much improved. Yoga is very useful for women. It also normalizes, smoothes hormonal — fluctuations can provoke the deterioration of the situation with the veins. Stress is also undesirable for patients with varicose veins because the pressure drops hurt veins.
Try to perceive the complexity philosophically and not be nervous on trifles. If you have a stressful job, especially on the legs, you may want to think about changing activities. Patients with varicose veins it is recommended to work in the fresh air associated with active movements in the city. When loads, especially if you have to sit in a bus or plane, wear compression stockings.