How to treat varicose veins: medical and surgical treatment

Laser treatment of varicose veins

Varicose veins can begin imperceptibly without showing symptoms. This pathology is dangerous for its complications, so you need to be careful about the state of your blood vessels. Treatment should be started at an early stage when spider veins appear, then it is easier to get rid of varicose veins.


This treatment includes oral medications and topical treatments for problem areas. As a result, the development of the disease will be suspended, pain and heaviness in the legs will decrease. A vein specialist (phlebologist) will tell you how to treat varicose veins with medication.

Only he can prescribe drugs taking into account the characteristics of the disease. You can not self-medicate, since medicines should be a whole complex of drugs against the disease.

For the conservative treatment of varicose veins, means are used that:

  • increase venous tone;
  • prevent blood clots;
  • help thin the blood;
  • neutralize free radicals;
  • strengthen the walls of blood vessels;
  • help dissolve intravascular blood clots.
  1. A good remedy is a herbal medicine that helps to normalize blood flow, strengthen the vascular wall of veins, and successfully relieves inflammation in the affected areas. The drug is used in short courses together with external agents. It has contraindications and negative side effects in the form of heartburn and edema, so only a doctor can prescribe it.
  2. With varicose veins, a drug is prescribed to help restore blood flow in the vessels. But along with its use, you need to wear compression underwear, perform special gymnastics. Only in such a complex will it be possible to get a positive result.
  3. From the means of external use, a cream that is made on the basis of horse chestnut seeds has proven itself well. Under its regular influence, the tone of the veins increases, microcirculation in the capillaries is stabilized. It is used to treat varicose veins, but can be used as a prophylactic agent.
  4. A special gel helps to remove stagnation of blood in the vessels, this removes tissue swelling. Pain decreases, fatigue and heaviness decrease. The active substances of this drug help to eliminate blood clots. The gel is easy to use, but the treatment is lengthy, it can take several months. To enhance the effect, the doctor prescribes medications.

Since it takes a long time to treat varicose veins with the help of medicines, you should be patient, strictly follow the doctor's recommendations. It takes time to normalize the vessels, as this is a complex process.


When all methods of treating varicose veins have failed, an operation is performed - phlebectomy. It consists in removing damaged blood vessels. Surgical intervention is carried out under anesthesia, in the hospital the patient spends 2 more days under the supervision of doctors.

The following situations are the reason for surgical removal of veins:

  • severe impairment of blood outflow from the lower extremities;
  • extensive expansion of the subcutaneous vessels;
  • complications of varicose veins - thrombophlebitis, trophic ulcers.

There are contraindications to the operation. It is not done with high blood pressure, inflammation of the skin at the site of the operation, severe deep vein thrombosis. If the patient has heart disease and infectious diseases in the acute stage, then the issue is resolved with the therapist and the anesthesiologist about the time of the surgery. During the operation, a probe is inserted into a vein through a small incision.

The affected, enlarged section of the vessel is removed, pulled through the incision. Vienna is sewn up. The patient spends the first day after the operation lying down, then he is allowed to get up. Discharge after 3 days. Prescribe medications, use of compression underwear, gymnastics, walking. Surgical treatment is the last method of getting rid of varicose veins at an advanced stage of the disease.

Laser Treatment

The procedure for sealing the vessels damaged by varicose veins is called endovasal laser coagulation of veins. It is performed under local anesthesia. A small puncture is performed, through which an optical fiber is inserted to treat the vein. It seals the ends of the affected area, which dissolves over time.

This method does not require special training and hospitalization. No scars and scars remain on the skin. After laser treatment, temporary pigmentation remains on the skin, which then disappears. There is some soreness after the session, the formation of hematomas. An increase in temperature is sometimes noted. These side effects are treated at home. Laser treatment is a good alternative to surgery for minor varicose veins.

Compression garments

The use of special underwear is one of the methods in the complex of measures to combat varicose veins. The underwear is made using a special technology that allows squeezing the vessels on the lower extremities with different intensities - more at the bottom, less at the top. 100% of the pressure will be felt by the ankles.

After all, it is in this area that blood stagnates most often. From there it rises more slowly. This is the reason for the development of trophic ulcers. Shin, knee area - 70% of the pressure.

Thigh - 40% vascular compression. Competent load distribution stimulates blood circulation, provides tissues with oxygen and nutrients. Sick, thin veins do not expand.

Puffiness disappears, leg fatigue becomes less. Specialty tights are sold in orthopedic salons with a doctor's prescription. If they are sold without a prescription, then only a specialist can determine the time of use of the laundry.

Compression stockings for the treatment of varicose veins of the legs

How to cure varicose veins with therapeutic exercises and physiotherapy

To get rid of varicose veins, you need to change your lifestyle and diet. These factors strongly affect the state of blood vessels. The first step is to eliminate bad habits. Nicotine and alcoholic beverages increase the risk of thrombophlebitis, negatively affect the small vessels of the circulatory system.

Since varicose veins can be cured only with the help of a complex method, a healthy lifestyle should combine all methods of exposure. In the morning and in the evening, contrasting dousing of the legs is useful, which will provide tone to the vessels. Before going to bed, you need to do warm baths with sea salt or decoctions of medicinal herbs to relieve fatigue and heaviness.

Exercise your legs throughout the day. It is useful to go up, down the stairs, perform small rotational movements with the feet, and strain the muscles of the legs. Sedentary work leads to the progression of the disease. It is better to change body position more often, alternate rest and work. Certain foods can become part of a comprehensive treatment for an illness. Since it will not be possible to cure varicose veins with a diet, it is possible to improve the condition of the blood vessels and leg muscles. The diet helps to remove toxins from the bloodstream, reduce the load on weak vessels.

Healthy Diet Foods:

  • veal;
  • lean fish;
  • seafood;
  • seaweed;
  • buckwheat, oatmeal;
  • dried fruits;
  • nuts;
  • berries;
  • wheat germ.

It is advisable for everyone to include such foods in their diet as a preventive measure to prevent the development of varicose veins.


A simple and effective way to treat varicose veins is to use water - hydrotherapy. It is possible to undergo procedures at the medical center, but at home it is also possible to arrange such sessions. One way is to pour water over your feet. Be sure to use room temperature water. Hot water is harmful to the veins. Direct a gentle stream to the affected vessels, hold1-2 seconds.

Move the jet through the vessels from bottom to top several times. In the advanced stage it will not help, but with spider veins, it will be useful as a prophylaxis. To improve blood flow, rubbing the legs with a stiff brush, then taking a shower, and rubbing the problem areas with a towel is useful. Several times a week, you need to do a contrast shower or douche areas with varicose veins. If it is difficult to withstand the alternation of cold and hot water, then you need to change the cool and warm water. This will also give results.

Remedial gymnastics

In a sedentary lifestyle, gymnastics will be very useful for venous disease, but the following rules should be followed in order not to make things worse:

  • it is useful to do exercises lying and sitting;
  • , you can train the upper half of the body without restriction;
  • limit squats and lunges;
  • drink water during exercise to avoid blood clots;
  • you cannot lift a lot of weight;
  • walk on tiptoes more often, perform leg swings, exercises "birch", "bicycle", "scissors".

It is useful to do swimming, sports and Nordic walking, cycling, playing golf. Regular exercise can help avoid serious complications of the disease.


These methods are good prophylaxis and additional healing methods to the main treatment. Physiotherapy is aimed at relieving tissue edema, improving the passage of blood through damaged vessels, and improving the condition of the leg muscles. The cryotherapy method is based on the effects of cold and the reverse reaction of the body. A sharp spasm of blood vessels from cold then causes a reverse expansion. This enhances the movement of blood, improves metabolic processes.

Ozone therapy is based on the use of ozone. During the session, the cells are saturated with oxygen, this helps tissues to regenerate, improve the movement of blood in small vessels. Ozone in small doses can prevent the appearance of blood clots. There are many other physical therapies, but these are not for everyone. There are contraindications, they cannot be used for epilepsy, the presence of a pacemaker, tuberculosis, and other diseases.

How to get rid of varicose veins on the legs with folk remedies

The use of natural raw materials gives fewer side effects compared to synthetic drugs. Treatment with folk remedies is longer, but the positive result lasts longer.

External treatment

How to get rid of varicose veins on the legs will tell you folk recipes. The most popular folk remedy for varicose veins is apple cider vinegar. It relieves swelling, increases vascular tone, improves blood flow.

But you need to use a natural product made from juice, not from the peel of apples. Wipe the affected areas with vinegar twice a day from bottom to top.

The use of essential oils gives a good effect. Essential oil is added to any massage cream, then massage is performed. For varicose veins, castor, sandalwood, flaxseed oil is used.


The foot baths can be organized by yourself. They help to improve blood circulation, increase the tone and elasticity of blood vessels. You can easily make soda baths.

Dissolve 6 tablespoons of baking soda in a glass of water, pour into a bath with warm water. Submerge your feet for15-20 minutes,so that the affected areas are in the water. Instead of soda, you can use salt and alternate such baths.

Internal Recipes

Traditional healers advise drinking calendula broth in the morning one hour before breakfast and an hour after it for a month. It is recommended to drink chamomile decoction in courses of 2 weeks, take a break, then resume treatment again.

Chamomile has anti-edema and anti-inflammatory properties. Since you cannot get rid of varicose veins on your legs quickly, you need to alternate folk remedies. An integrated approach will yield positive results.

Varicose veins are an unpleasant disease that is best treated early. At the first symptoms of the disease, it is worth starting treatment with folk methods, leading a healthy lifestyle and eating the right foods.